Effects of water stress and high temperature on photosynthetic rates of two species of Prosopis

Manakin: DSpace XMLUI Project v2

Effects of water stress and high temperature on photosynthetic rates of two species of Prosopis

Cómo citar
Cómo citar

Effects of water stress and high temperature on photosynthetic rates of two species of Prosopis

.
Copiar
Título: Effects of water stress and high temperature on photosynthetic rates of two species of Prosopis
Autor: Delatorre, José; Pinto, Manuel; Cardemil, Liliana
Resumen: The main aim of this research was to compare the photosynthetic responses of two species of Prosopis, Prosopis chilensis (algarrobo) and Prosopis tamarugo (tamarugo) subjected to heat and water stress, to determine how heat shock or water deficit, either individually or combined, affect the photosynthesis of these two species. The photosynthetic rates expressed as a function of photon flow density (PFD) were determined by the O-2 liberated, in seedlings of tamarugo and algarrobo subjected to two water potentials: -0.3 MPa and -2.5 MPa and to three temperatures: 25 degrees C, 35 degrees C and 40 degrees C. Light response curves were constructed to obtain light Compensation and light saturation points, maximum photosynthetic rates, quantum yields and dark respiration rates. The photochemical efficiency as the F-v/F-m ratio and the amount of RUBISCO were also determined under heat shock, water deficit, and under the combined action of both stress. Photosynthetic rates at a light intensity higher than 500 mu mole photons m(-2) s(-1) were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between species when measured at 25 degrees C under the same water potential. The maximum photosynthetic rates decreased with temperature in both species and with water deficit in algarrobo. At 40 degrees C and -2.5 MPa, the photosynthetic rate of algarrobo fell to 72% of that of tamarugo. The quantum yield decreased in algarrobo with temperature and water deficit and it was reduced by 50% when the conditions were 40 degrees C and -2.5 MPa. Dark respiration increased by 62% respect to the control at 40 degrees C in tamarugo while remained unchanged in algarrobo. The photochemical efficiency decreased with both, high temperature and water deficit, without differences between species. RUBISCO content increased in algarrobo 35 degrees C. Water deficit reduced the amount of RUBISCO in both species. The results of this work support the conclusion that in both Prosopis species, the interaction between high temperature and water deficit affects photosynthesis responses greater than each individual stress, and that the interactive effect is more pronounce in algarrobo than in tamarugo.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/6936
Fecha: 2008-08-21
Cita del item: JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY Volume: 92 Issue: 2 Pages: 67-76 Published: AUG 21 2008


Archivos vinculados

Formato: Nombre: Tamaño: Descripción: Ver
PDF
Delatorre_Jose.pdf
762.1Kb
Abrir / Descargar

El ítem tiene asociados los siguientes archivos de licencia:

Este ítem aparece en la(s) siguiente(s) colección(ones)