Mild prenatal protein malnutrition increases alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor expression in the rat cerebral cortex during postnatal life

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Mild prenatal protein malnutrition increases alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor expression in the rat cerebral cortex during postnatal life

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Mild prenatal protein malnutrition increases alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor expression in the rat cerebral cortex during postnatal life

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Título: Mild prenatal protein malnutrition increases alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor expression in the rat cerebral cortex during postnatal life
Autor: Sierralta, Walter; Hernández, Alejandro; Valladares, Luis; Pérez, Hernán; Mondaca, Mauricio; Soto Moyano, Rubén
Resumen: Mild reduction in the protein content in the diet of pregnant rats from 25 to 8% casein, calorically compensated by carbohydrates, does not alter body and brain weights of rat pups at birth, but results in significant changes of the concentration and release of cortical noradrenaline during postnatal life, together with impaired long-term potentiation and memory formation. Since some central noradrenergic receptors are critically involved in neuroplasticity, the present study evaluated, by utilizing immunohistochemical methods, the effect of mild prenatal protein malnutrition on the alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor expression in the frontal and occipital cortices of 8- and 60-day-old rats. At day 8 of postnatal age, prenatally malnourished rats exhibited a three-fold increase of alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor expression in both the frontal and the occipital cortices, as compared to well-nourished controls. At 60 days of age, prenatally malnourished rats showed normal expression levels scores of alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor in the neocortex. Results suggest that overexpression of neocortical alpha(2C)-adrenoceptors during early postnatal life, subsequent to mild prenatal protein malnutrition, could in part be responsible for neural and behavioral disturbances showing prenatally malnourished animals during the postnatal life.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/6242
Fecha: 2006-05-15
Cita del item: BRAIN RESEARCH BULLETIN Volume: 69 Issue: 5 Pages: 580-586 Published: MAY 15 2006


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