Structure properties and pore dynamics in aggregate beds due to wetting-drying cycles

Manakin: DSpace XMLUI Project v2

Structure properties and pore dynamics in aggregate beds due to wetting-drying cycles

Cómo citar
Cómo citar

Structure properties and pore dynamics in aggregate beds due to wetting-drying cycles

.
Copiar
Título: Structure properties and pore dynamics in aggregate beds due to wetting-drying cycles
Autor: Seguel, Oscar; Horn, Rainer
Resumen: Aggregate hierarchy and porosity changes in aggregate beds as a consequence of wetting-drying cycles were studied in two Andisols and one Mollisol from Chile, collected at two depths. Bulk density and indirect tensile strength were measured in aggregates of different sizes. Aggregate beds were prepared in cylinders with two size classes. Six wetting-drying cycles between 0 and -60 hPa were applied. Bulk density (Db) of soil matrix was controlled after each cycle, and the macroporosity was calculated. A repellency index was measured in one of the Andisols. In addition, also the air permeability was measured after the sixth cycle. It could be proofed, that the aggregate strength is an appropriate parameter to evaluate the aggregate hierarchy, and this parameter is also more sensitive than aggregate Db to discriminate between the effects of land-use intensity. Aggregate strength is furthermore well correlated with changes in pore water pressure and can be applied to relate strength values with aggregate development level. Only if the predrying exceeds pF > 3.0, aggregate strength correlates with Db. The more pronounced is the land-use, the higher is the increase of Db values for aggregate beds. The decrease of coarse porosity during wetting-drying cycles can be explained by mass differences between saturated and equilibrated water conditions that considers the water around aggregates and within the contact area. Nevertheless, the relation of relative macroporosity change, calculated by P-exped where D-agg IS the Db measured by clod method, and the relative Db change, is useful to explain possible presence of coarse pores inside the aggregates. The newly formed porosity prevents the water repellency, but after six cycles of drying, the repellency index increased in the topsoil while we could detect a decrease in the subsoil samples (under defined conditions in the laboratory) which we assume to be caused by microbial activity. The approaching of aggregates by drying cycles generates in Andisols a reduced area to air fluxes, with low values of air permeability.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/6238
Fecha: 2006-04
Cita del item: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PFLANZENERNAHRUNG UND BODENKUNDE Volume: 169 Issue: 2 Pages: 221-232 Published: APR 2006


Archivos vinculados

Formato: Nombre: Tamaño: Descripción: Ver
PDF
Seguel_Oscar.pdf
173.1Kb
Abrir / Descargar

El ítem tiene asociados los siguientes archivos de licencia:

Este ítem aparece en la(s) siguiente(s) colección(ones)