Odor response properties of neighboring mitral/tufted cells in the rat olfactory bulb

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Odor response properties of neighboring mitral/tufted cells in the rat olfactory bulb

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Odor response properties of neighboring mitral/tufted cells in the rat olfactory bulb

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Título: Odor response properties of neighboring mitral/tufted cells in the rat olfactory bulb
Autor: Egaña, J. I.; Aylwin, María L.; Maldonado, Pedro
Resumen: Olfactory perception initiates in the nasal epithelium wherefrom olfactory receptor neurons-expressing the same receptor protein-project and converge in two different glomeruli within each olfactory bulb. Recent evidence suggests that glomeruli are isolated functional units, arranged in a chemotopic manner in the olfactory bulb. Exposure to odorants leads to the activation of specific populations of glomeruli. In rodents, about 25-50 mitral/tufted cells project their primary dendrites to a single glomerulus receiving similar sensory input. Yet, little is known about the properties of neighboring mitral/tufted cells connected to one or a few neighboring glomeruli. We used tetrodes to simultaneously record multiple single-unit activity in the mitral cell layer of anesthetized, freely breathing rats while exposed to mixtures of chemically related compounds. First, we characterized the odorant-induced modifications in firing rate of neighboring mitral/tufted cells and found that they do not share odorant response profiles. Individual units showed a long silent (11.01 ms) period with no oscillatory activity. Cross-correlation analysis between neighboring mitral/tufted cells revealed negligible synchronous activity among them. Finally, we show that respiratory-related temporal patterns are dissimilar among neighboring mitral/tufted cells and also that odorant stimulation results in an individual modification that is not necessarily shared by neighboring mitral/tufted cells. These results show that neighboring mitral/tufted cells frequently exhibit dissimilar response properties, which are not consistent with a precise chemotopic map at the mitral/tufted cell layer in the olfactory bulb.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/2280
Fecha: 2005
Cita del item: NEUROSCIENCE 134 (3): 1069-1080 20050306-4522


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