Analysis of chemical abundances in planetary nebulae with [WC] central stars I. Line intensities and physical conditions

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Analysis of chemical abundances in planetary nebulae with [WC] central stars I. Line intensities and physical conditions

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Analysis of chemical abundances in planetary nebulae with [WC] central stars I. Line intensities and physical conditions

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Título: Analysis of chemical abundances in planetary nebulae with [WC] central stars I. Line intensities and physical conditions
Autor: García Rojas, Jorge; Peña, Miriam; Morisset, Christophe; Mesa Delgado, Adal; Ruiz González, María Teresa
Resumen: Context. Planetary nebulae (PNe) around Wolf-Rayet [WR] central stars ([WR] PNe) constitute a particular photoionized nebula class that represents about 10% of the PNe with classified central stars. Aims. We analyse deep high-resolution spectrophotometric data of 12 [WR] PNe. This sample of [WR] PNe represents the most extensive analysed so far, at such high spectral resolution. We aim to select the optimal physical conditions in the nebulae to be used in ionic abundance calculations that will be presented in a forthcoming paper. Methods. We acquired spectra at Las Campanas Observatory with the 6.5-m telescope and the Magellan Inamori Kyocera (MIKE) spectrograph, covering a wavelength range from 3350 angstrom to 9400 angstrom. The spectra were exposed deep enough to detect, with signal-to-noise ratio higher than three, the weak optical recombination lines (ORLs) of O II, C II, and other species. We detect and identify about 2980 emission lines, which, to date, is the most complete set of spectrophotometric data published for this type of objects. From our deep data, numerous diagnostic line ratios for T-e and n(e) are determined from collisionally excited lines (CELs), ORLs, and continuum measurements (H I Paschen continuum in particular). Results. Densities are closely described by the average of all determined values for objects with n(e) < 10(4) cm(-3), and by n(e)([Cl III]) for the densest objects. For some objects, n(e)([Ar IV]) is adopted as the characteristic density of the high ionization zone. For T-e, we adopt a three-zone ionization scheme, where the low ionization zone is characterised by T-e([N II]), the medium ionization zone by T-e([O III]), and the highest ionization one by T-e([Ar IV]) when available. We compute T-e from the Hi Paschen discontinuity and from He I lines. For each object, T-e(H I) is, in general, consistent with T-e derived from CELs, although it has a very large error. Values of T-e(He I) are systematically lower than the T-e derived from CELs. When comparing T-e(H I) and T-e(He I) it is unclear whether the behaviour of both temperatures agrees with the predictions of the temperature fluctuations paradigm, owing to the large errors in T-e(H I). We do not find any evidence of low-temperature, high-density clumps in our [WR] PNe from the analysis of faint O II and N II plasma diagnostics, although uncertainties dominate the observed line ratios in most objects. The behaviour of T-e([O III])/T-e([N II]), which is smaller for high ionization degrees, can be reproduced by a set of combined matter-bounded and radiation-bounded models, although, for the smallest temperature ratios, a too high metallicity seem to be required.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/16581
Fecha: 2012-02
Cita del item: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS Volume: 538 Article Number: A54 Published: FEB 2012


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