Cryptosporidium parvum in diarrheic calves detected by microscopy and identified by immunochromatographic and molecular methods

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Cryptosporidium parvum in diarrheic calves detected by microscopy and identified by immunochromatographic and molecular methods

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Cryptosporidium parvum in diarrheic calves detected by microscopy and identified by immunochromatographic and molecular methods

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Título: Cryptosporidium parvum in diarrheic calves detected by microscopy and identified by immunochromatographic and molecular methods
Autor: Díaz Lee, A.; Mercado, R.; Onuoha, E. O.; Ozaki, L. S.; Muñoz, P.; Muñoz, V.; Martínez, F. J.; Fredes, F.
Resumen: Cryptosporidium is an important protozoan parasite that causes diarrhea in neonates and young bovines. The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of Cryptosporidium infection in animals of dairy farms of the Metropolitan Region (Santiago), Chile. Fecal samples of 205 newborn calves with diarrhea were studied and used for comparing the efficiency of two microscopic staining methods for diagnosis of the parasite, the auramine (AU) and a modified Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) procedure. Out of the 205 fecal samples, we detected oocysts in 115 (56.1%) with AU and 102 (49.8%) with ZN. Comparison of results obtained with the two microscopic techniques showed significant difference (p < 0.05), AU being more sensitive. On the other hand, concordance between the two methods was almost perfect (kappa value of 0.83). The results with these two operator dependent methods were confirmed using an operator independent immunochromatographic (IC) method. The IC method also enabled us to determine the identity of the parasite species as that of Cryptosporidium parvum. Identification of the parasite species was further corroborated by performing a Cryptosporidium species-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test on few samples taken at random. Overall, the results showed a high number of infected animals suggesting the parasite C. parvum as a major parasitic disease agent of neonatal calves with diarrhea in dairy farms of the Metropolitan Region (Santiago) of Chile.
Descripción: Artículo de publicación ISI
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/14848
Fecha: 2011
Cita del item: Veterinary Parasitology 176 (2011) 139–144


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