TIMPs and MMPs expression in CSF from patients with TSP/HAM

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TIMPs and MMPs expression in CSF from patients with TSP/HAM

Título: TIMPs and MMPs expression in CSF from patients with TSP/HAM
Autor: Kettlun, Ana María; Cartier, L.; García, L.; Collados, L. E.; Vásquez, F.; Ramírez, E.; Valenzuela, M. A.
Resumen: The tropical spastic paraparesis or human T-cell lymphotropic virus associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM), has been related with an overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9. Initial studies of reverse zymography with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from TSP/HAM patients, and controls showed the presence of TIMPs, endogenous MMP inhibitors. We determined in CSF the levels of TIMPs by immunoanalysis in 25 patients with TSP/HAM, and compared with two groups: controls and patients with acute and subacute inflammatory neurological diseases. We found that TIMP-2, TIMP-3 and TIMP-4 levels were significantly higher than in controls in both TSP/HAM and inflammatory patients, while TIMP-1 was increased only in the inflammatory group. Levels of MMP-3 and MMP-9 from the two groups of patients showed a significant upregulation in CSF. In the CSF of around the 70% of TSP-HAM and inflammatory patients the presence MMP-9 was detected by zymography, but not in controls. MMP-2 was only overexpressed in the acute inflammatory group. The active form of MMP-2 was observed in both groups of patients with a similar high frequency (60%). MMPs overexpressions are independent of the evolution time of the disease in TSP/HAM. The chronic overexpression of these extracelullar matrix proteins detected in CSF of TSP/HAM should be indirectly produced by secreted viral proteins being responsible for the progression of this disease, accounting for the-observed differences with acute inflammatory patients. Our results support the existence of an imbalance between MMPs and their endogenous tissue inhibitors, which could be a pathogenic factor in the chronicity of TSP/HAM.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/13021
Fecha: 2003-05-09
Cita del item: LIFE SCIENCES 72 (25): 2863-2876

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