Adsorption of methabenzthiazuron on six allophanic and nonallophanic soils: Effect of organic matter amendment

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Adsorption of methabenzthiazuron on six allophanic and nonallophanic soils: Effect of organic matter amendment

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Adsorption of methabenzthiazuron on six allophanic and nonallophanic soils: Effect of organic matter amendment

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Título: Adsorption of methabenzthiazuron on six allophanic and nonallophanic soils: Effect of organic matter amendment
Autor: Báez, María E.; Rodríguez, M.; Vilches, P.; Romero, E.
Resumen: This article reports on methabenzthiazuron [1-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)-1,3-dimethylurea] (MBT) adsorption process on six agricultural allophanic and nonallophanic soils. The effect of amendment with exogenous organic matter was also studied. Adsorption kinetic fits an hyperbolic model. MBT adsorption reached an apparent equilibrium within 2 h and followed a second-order reaction. The maximum adsorbed amounts for natural soils ranged from 32 to 145 mug g(-1). Rate constants were considered relatively low (0.27-1.5 x 10(-4) [mug g(-1)](1-n) (s-1)); the slow process was attributed to a combined effect of diffussion and adsorption. MBT adsorption fits the Freundlich model with r values greater than or equal to0.998 at P less than or equal to 0.001 significance levels. K-f and Freundlich exponents (1/n) ranged from 5.3 to 82.1 cm(3) g(-1) and from 0.66 to 0.73, respectively. K-f values for soils with a low organic matter content were lower than that obtained from the only typical allophanic soil derived from volcanic ash under study. Lineal regression analysis between K-f and organic matter content of nonallophanic soils gave a correlation coefficient of 0.980 (P = 0.02). Dispersion of K-d values together with close values of K-OM indicate that organic matter (OM) was the principal component responsible for MBT adsorption in unamended soils. Addition of peat decreased soil pH and increased adsorption capacity for allophanic and nonallophanic soils. Kinetic experiments showed enhancements of X-max values and lower rate constants.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/12117
Fecha: 2001
Cita del item: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART B-PESTICIDES FOOD CONTAMINANTS AND AGRICULTURAL WASTES 36 (1): 95-105


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