Rho kinase activation and gene expression related to vascular remodeling in normotensive rats with high angiotensin I-converting enzyme levels

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Rho kinase activation and gene expression related to vascular remodeling in normotensive rats with high angiotensin I-converting enzyme levels

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Rho kinase activation and gene expression related to vascular remodeling in normotensive rats with high angiotensin I-converting enzyme levels

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Título: Rho kinase activation and gene expression related to vascular remodeling in normotensive rats with high angiotensin I-converting enzyme levels
Autor: Rivera, Paulina; Ocaranza, María Paz; Lavandero González, Sergio; Jalil Milad, Jorge
Resumen: The RhoA/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway is a new mechanism of remodeling and vasoconstriction. Few data are available regarding ROCK activation when angiotensin I-converting enzyme is high and blood pressure is normal. We hypothesized that ROCK is activated in the vascular wall in normotensive rats with genetically high angiotensin I converting enzyme levels, and it causes increased vascular expression of genes promoting vascular remodeling and also oxidative stress. Aortic ROCK activation, mRNA and protein levels (of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta(1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1]), NADPH oxidase activity, and O-2(.-) production were measured in normotensive rats with genetically high (Brown Norway [BN]) and low (Lewis) angiotensin-I-converting enzyme levels and in BN rats treated with the ROCK antagonist fasudil (100 mg/kg per day) for 7 days. ROCK activation was 12-fold higher in BN versus Lewis rats (P<0.05) and was reduced with fasudil by 100% (P<0.05). Aortic TGF-beta 1, PAI-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA levels were higher in BN versus Lewis rats by 300%, 180%, and 1000%, respectively (P<0.05). Aortic TGF-beta 1, PAI-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 protein levels were higher in BN versus Lewis rats (P<0.05). Fasudil reduced TGF-beta 1 and PAI-1 mRNA and TGF-beta 1, PAI-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 protein aortic levels to those observed in Lewis rats. Aortic reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity and .O-2(-) production were increased by 88% and 300%, respectively, in BN rats (P<0.05) and normalized by fasudil. In conclusion, ROCK is significantly activated in the aortic wall in normotensive rats with genetically high angiotensin-I-converting enzyme and angiotensin II, and it causes activation of genes that promote vascular remodeling and also increases vascular oxidative stress.
URI: http://www.captura.uchile.cl/handle/2250/10402
Fecha: 2007-10
Cita del item: HYPERTENSION 50(4): 792-798


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